High Glycemic and Low Glycemic Foods
What Are These?
The Glycemic Index (GI) is a ranking that determines how foods affect blood sugar levels within two hours of consumption.
Foods with a low Glycemic Index value generate a lower rise in blood sugar levels. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains are considered low GI foods
Foods with a high Glycemic Index, however, tend to send blood sugar soaring. They include processed foods such as refined grains (like white bread and white rice), candy, desserts, and soft drinks. Starchy vegetables, especially potatoes, are high glycemic foods as well.
Replacing high GI foods with low GI choices keeps blood sugar level under control at a critical time: immediately following a meal.
Post-meal spikes are dangerous. They produce free radicals, which damage healthy cells, cause inflammation and other problems, and raise the risk of heart disease and other chronic conditions, including diabetes.