Medical Emergencies

How to Handle Medical Emergencies

Testing is not just for people with diabetes..

HYPOGLYCEMIA

EARLY SIGNS

  • Sweating
  • Shakiness
  • Visual disturbances
  • Nervousness
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Hunger
  • Dizziness
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Cold, clammy skin

LATER SIGNS

  • Slurred speech
  • Drowsiness
  • Drunken-like behavior
  • Confusion

EMERGENCY SIGNS

  • Seizures
  • Coma, which can be fatal

WHAT TO DO

If your blood sugar is below 70 mg/dl, eat or drink something to raise levels quickly, such as hard candy, ½ cup of soda, ½ cup of fruit juice, or 3 to 4 glucose tablets. If needed, repeat after about 15 minutes.  Seek medical help if there is no improvement.

HYPERGLYCEMIA

EARLY SIGNS

  • Excessive thirst
  • Leg cramps
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent Urination
  • Dehydration

LATER SIGNS

  • Rapid pulse
  • Weakness
  • Confusion

EMERGENCY SIGNS

  • Seizures
  • Coma

WHAT TO DO

If your blood sugar is above 350 mg/dl, and you feel ill or stressed, call your doctor for medical advice. If it is 500 mg/dl or higher, see your doctor immediately or go to the emergency room for treatment.  This condition could be fatal.  Emergency treatment will likely correct the problem within hours.

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