Diabetes and your Kidney
The kidneys are important organs in your body. Tiny blood vessels inside your kidneys filter waste products from your blood. This is crucial function for your body to function.
Diabetes can greatly affect your kidneys by causing damage to them. This results in kidney failure. Kidneys that are failing lose their ability to filter out waste products from your blood thus causing kidney disease.
How exactly does diabetes damage the kidneys? High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. This puts extra strain on the tiny vessels in the kidneys that filter. After a certain time, they start to leak and release useful protein into the urine. Small amounts of protein in the urine is called microalbuminuria. Microalbuminuria is an early sign of kidney disease. You should be tested for this condition every year after your diagnosis. When large amounts of protein are found in the urine it is called macroalbuminuria. At this point, your body is approaching end-stage renal disease or ESRD. A person with ESRD needs to have a kidney transplant or to go through dialysis which filters the blood with a machine.
The best prevention for kidney disease is to always keep your blood sugars in a target range. Keeping them stable will prevent toxic buildup in your blood!